- Adolescence and Beyond - Patricia K Kerig - Bok () | Bokus
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- Parent–Child Relationships in Adolescence
- Manual Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development
Adolescence and Beyond - Patricia K Kerig - Bok () | Bokus
Keywords Adolescents Friendships Macrocontexts Peer relations. Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development. Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press. Way N , Silverman LR.
Helpful modifications include the use of gating questions succeeded by follow-up. It also would be helpful to think about balancing the need for multiple items to obtain internal consistency with reducing the level of burden. It may be better clinically to organize items around the way people think, not according to diagnostic criteria.
With measures of posttraumatic stress disorder, for example, the sleep items are separate rather than clumped together; it would make much more sense to ask people about similar behaviors at the same time. Some items need to be worded more colloquially. A question such as whether a child has any re-experiencing symptoms is hard for most people to understand. Of course, most interviewers train clinicians to ask it a different way if the person does not understand the item, but it would be better if items were worded in ways that maximize the likelihood that people will understand them.
Researchers and clinicians need to think creatively about using physical objects that can be manipulated. People who have experienced trauma may be able to track and respond better when they are not only responding verbally. Development challenges include how adults perceive young children and their behavior given different ages, cultures, and contexts. For example, a measure may not cut across age ranges, requiring different measures for different developmental stages. As a child develops, the capacity to process what happened and to communicate distress changes.
Parent–Child Relationships in Adolescence
How does this affect research? And how can distress be measured in babies and toddlers to determine whether they need treatment? Research is done to affect clinical practice, but clinicians need to be able to use the tools that are developed. For example, it would be helpful for trauma screening to be more procedural, allow for consistency in how trauma history is assessed, and provide wording that allows for more valid responses. At the same time, many clinicians are not comfortable talking about trauma.
Instruments need to be developed that they are comfortable using, and they need training to be able to use those instruments comfortably. We need contextually informed scientist-practitioner assessment tools. A strong knowledge base exists for family-centered strength-based preventive intervention across a wide array of conditions, said William Beardslee, professor of child psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and director of the Baer Prevention Initiatives in the Department of Psychia-.
The best way to understand mental health processes is to identify ways to enhance resilience factors and diminish risk factors to test conceptual models.
Beardslee summarized the conclusions of two recent reports from the National Research Council—Institute of Medicine: one on depression among parents National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, a and one on preventing mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders among young people National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, b. Depression is a highly prevalent and impairing problem that affects 20 percent of adults in their lifetimes. Rates of depression vary by age, ethnicity, sex, and marital status, but many adults who suffer from depression are parents. According to estimates made by the committee that produced the report, 7.
Schulz, Ph. He directs the Bryn Mawr Emotion and Family Research Center, where he studies couple relationships, emotion processes and change across time in individuals and families. He is also a senior investigator for the Study of Adult Development, a year old longitudinal study at Harvard University. Stuart T. Hauser, MD, Ph. Grand Eagle Retail is the ideal place for all your shopping needs!
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Theories of adolescent development often focus on identity formation as a central issue. Marcia described identify formation during adolescence as involving both decision points and commitments with respect to ideologies e. He described four identity statuses: foreclosure, identity diffusion, moratorium, and identity achievement. Foreclosure occurs when an individual commits to an identity without exploring options.
Identity diffusion occurs when adolescents neither explore nor commit to any identities. However, there is much left to be done.
Manual Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development
In a provocative paper published in , Patricia Minuchin raised important issues as a challenge to family and developmental researchers to move toward a more "true-to-life" conceptualization of the family; these challenges continue to serve as inspiration to advance family research today. She summarized six key points for family systems theory: 1 family systems are an organized whole, and the elements within it are interdependent; 2 patterns in a family a circular rather than linear; 3 family systems maintain stability in their patterns of interactions homeostasis ; 4 family patterns change over time; 5 individuals in families are simultaneously members of many subsystems; and 6 boundaries reflect the implicit rules that govern family subsystem interactions.
Below, we highlight some of the ways that our research has incorporated family systems principles into our work to advance our understanding of the ways in which individuals:. Although there is value in understanding how specific relationships in families influence child or adolescent development, we also recognize that family processes in families do not occur in isolation.
We strive to capture a more complete picture of the multiple relationships that may influence youth development by examining multiple family processes and relationships simultaneously. Future directions will focus multiple influences among different subsystems in relation to those that influence youth outcomes. Family systems theorists have argued that the family as a whole is an entity unto itself, and that whole-family functioning may influence child and adolescent development, beyond the impact of other subsystems.
Taken together, these studies have impressed on us the importance of whole-family functioning for child and adolescent development. Triangulation -- the process of involving children into interparental conflicts -- has profound implications for understanding how interparental conflict impacts children's lives. Recently, we found that disruptions to interparental boundaries are related to increases in parent hostility, which in turn is associated with increases in adolescents' hostile behavior toward their parents.